Economy & Markets

Canada’s Big Five banks all announced they were increasing their prime lending rates by 25 basis points effective on Thursday

By Alexandra Posadzki |
Source: The Canadian Press

Tarek Mnaimne has been considering dipping his toes into the Canadian real estate market, particularly in Toronto or Montreal, but the Bank of Canada's (BoC) interest rate hike is giving him pause.

"It just doesn't look as attractive as it used to," says Mnaimne, a Canadian expat currently working in Kuwait City as an investment analyst.

Mnaimne, 29, is looking for an investment property, one that will appreciate in value over the next five or 10 years, and the expectation of further rate hikes from the BoC is making him rethink his options.

"Valuation-wise I'm not sure if it looks as attractive as it used to," says Mnaimne. "The fact is I'm considering several markets. So when you compare apples to apples, Europe is priced much better right now."

Mnaimne's deliberations illustrate the ways in which the Bank of Canada's benchmark interest rate has the power to influence consumer behaviours. The central bank lifted its key interest rate Wednesday for the first time in seven years, pushing it to 0.75% from 0.5%.

Canada's five biggest banks quickly followed suit, announcing they were increasing their prime lending rates by 25 basis points (bps). Royal Bank of Canada, Bank of Montreal, Toronto-Dominion Bank, Bank of Nova Scotia and Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce are all raising their prime rates to 2.95% from 2.7%, effective Thursday.

The prime lending rate is the rate that banks use to set interest rates for variable-rate mortgages and other loans.

In 2015, when the BoC twice cut its benchmark interest rate by 25 bps, the banks passed along only a portion of the savings to consumers, cutting their prime rates by only 15 bps each time.

But now they have passed along the full increase to consumers in a bid to protect their lending margins, which have been under pressure in recent years.

Although higher mortgage rates could dissuade some would-be buyers, the president and CEO of realtor Royal LePage says the impact will be minimal.

"It does raise the cost of a home, because most people buy homes on carrying cost, not on sticker price," says Soper. "But it's very minor and it's been priced into banks' risk models for several years now."