U.S. businesses added a robust 271,000 jobs in December. Payroll processor ADP said Thursday that last month’s job gains marked a sharp upturn from November’s gain of 157,000. The gains, if backed up by government numbers due Friday, could be strong enough to reduce the unemployment rate.
The burst of hiring last month comes as financial markets are dreading a broader economic slowdown, causing stock prices to collapse. But job growth at December’s pace suggest that the U.S. economy is unlikely to fall into a recession, said Mark Zandi, who prepares the ADP report as chief economist at Moody’s Analytics.
“The job market is key for keeping the economy together and ensuring that the economic expansion goes forward,” Zandi said.
Zandi cautioned that an unseasonably warm December might have caused job growth to appear stronger than it actually was, but he noted that the figures were still remarkably healthy given that the economy is in the middle of its 10th year of expansion.
ADP reported a solid increase of 37,000 construction jobs. But the services sector was particularly strong with gains of 66,000 in the professional and business sector, 61,000 in education and healthcare, and 39,000 in leisure and hospitality.
Economists forecast that the Labor Department will report Friday that employers added 180,000 jobs, with the unemployment rate holding at a five-decade low of 3.7%.
If hiring continues at this pace, the Federal Reserve Board could face pressure to increase a key, short-term rate that influences the flow of money in the economy, Zandi said. Investors are currently anticipating no rate hikes this year after four increases in 2018.
In other economic news, U.S. factories grew last month at the slowest pace in more than two years.
The Institute for Supply Management, an association of purchasing managers, says its manufacturing index dropped to 54.1 in December, down from 59.3 in November and lowest since November 2016. Anything above 50 signals growth, and U.S. manufacturing has been on a 28-month winning streak.
Still, the December drop was bigger than economists had expected.
New orders, production and factory hiring all grew at a slower pace last month. Eleven of 18 manufacturing industries reported growth last month, led by textile mills and apparel makers.
Several respondents cited higher costs and uncertainty arising from President Donald Trump’s import taxes on steel, aluminum and hundreds of Chinese products.
Today’s manufacturing data resulted in lower yields and a lower U.S. dollar, noted CIBC economist Katherine Judge in emailed commentary. The data also reinforce the bank’s below-consensus call for GDP of 2.3% in the fourth quarter, she said.
Despite December’s disappointing manufacturing data, Judge said, the index remains “entrenched in expansionary territory, indicative of decent growth to end 2018.”